Groupe Doo Wop US originaire de Los Angeles (Californie). Les "Penguins" ont enregistré au milieu des années cinquante pour Dootone Records. Puis ils passeront chez Mercury, Atlantic, Dooto, Eldo, Sun State et Original Sound Records. Le groupe était composé de Curtis Williams, Cleveland Duncan, Dexter Tisby et Bruce Tate.

Best known for their hit single "Earth Angel," the doo wop quartet the Penguins were never able to replicate the success of their only Top 40 hit, but the song nevertheless became a rock & roll classic. The Penguins formed in 1954, when the group's members -- Cleveland Duncan, Curtis Williams, Dexter Tisby, and Bruce Tate -- were all attending Fremont High School in Los Angeles, CA.
Although he wasn't the lead singer, Williams was the leader of the group. He learned "Earth Angel" from Vocalsist Jesse Belvin -- some sources claim that Williams wrote the song alone, others say he co-wrote the song with Belvin, while others claim Gaynell Hodge, a member of the doo wop group the Turks, wrote the song with the duo (in fact, Hodge won a lawsuit filed in 1956 that gave him a co-writing credit) -- and had the Penguins sing the song.
Around 1954, the Penguins signed with the local Los Angeles independent label Dootone Records. The group's first single was going to be the uptempo "Hey Sinorita," and the ballad "Earth Angel" was going to be the B-side. Upon the release of the single in the latter half of 1954, Los Angeles radio stations were receiving more requests for "Earth Angel" than "Hey Sinorita," and the song soon became the record's A-side. By the beginning of 1955, the single had scaled the national charts, spending three weeks at the top of the R&B charts and peaking at number eight on the pop charts.
For the next few years, the Penguins continued to record singles for Dootone Records. Shortly after the success of "Earth Angel," Tate left the group and Randolph Jones became their baritone Vocalsist. Around 1956, the Penguins left Dootone Records and signed with Mercury Records. After cutting some sides for Mercury, the group moved to Atlantic Records, where they had their second and final hit, "Pledge of Love," which climbed to number 15 on the R&B charts in the summer of 1957. That same year, the group released its only album, The Cool, Cool Penguins.
By 1959, the Penguins had returned to their hometown of Los Angeles; shortly after their relocation, they broke up. Over the next four decades, Cleveland Duncan led various incarnations of the Penguins through reunion tours and re-recordings of their hits. In 1963, Duncan, Tisby, and two new members recorded "Memories of El Monte," a song future Mothers of Invention members Frank Zappa and Ray Collins wrote specifically for the group; the single failed to make any impact. Duncan went back to leading new incarnations of the Penguins, while Tisby briefly joined the Coasters.

Talents : Curtis Williams : Baritone, Bass - Cleveland Duncan : Tenor - Dexter Tisby : Tenor - Bruce Tate : Baritone

Style musical : Doo Wop

https://youtu.be/vBnsNTBqzWQ

EARTH ANGEL (1954)

Ookey Ook (1954)

She's Gone, Gone (1956)

COOL BABY COOL (1957)

Be My Lovin' Baby (1957)

Years in activity :

1910 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 10

DISCOGRAPHY

78 t., Singles & EP

08/1954 78 t. DOOTONE 345 (US) . No There Ain't No News Today (PENGUINS) / When I Am Gone (Dootsie Williams & His Orchestra)
08/1954 SP DOOTONE 345-45 (US) . No There Ain't No News Today (PENGUINS) / When I Am Gone (Dootsie Williams & His Orchestra)
10/1954 78 t. DOOTONE 348 (US) . Hey Senorita / Earth Angel
10/1954 SP DOOTONE 348-45 (US) . Hey Senorita / Earth Angel
12/1954 78 t. DOOTONE 353 (US) . Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / OOkey OOk
12/1954 SP DOOTONE 45-353 (US) . Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / OOkey OOk
1955 78 t. DOOTONE 362 (US) . Baby Let's Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye
1955 SP DOOTONE 362-45 (US) . Baby Let's Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye
1955 ? SP DOOTO 348 (US) . Hey Senorita / Earth Angel
1955 SP DOOTO 353 (US) . Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / OOkey OOk
1955 SP DOOTO 362 (US) . Baby Let's Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye
1955 EP DOOTONE EPD 101 (US)
Rhythm And Blues - Earth Angel / I Ain't Gonna Cry No More / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Baby Let's Make Some Love
04/1955 78 t. MERCURY 70610 (US) . Be Mine Or Be A Fool / Don't Do It
04/1955 SP MERCURY 70610X45 (US) . Be Mine Or Be A Fool / Don't Do It
1955 78 t. MERCURY 70654 (US) . Walkin' Down Broadway / It Only Happens With You
1955 SP MERCURY 70654X45 (US) . Walkin' Down Broadway / It Only Happens With You
09/1955 78 t. MERCURY 70703 (US) . Devil That I See / Promises, Promises, Promises
09/1955 SP MERCURY 70703X45 (US) . Devil That I See / Promises, Promises, Promises
12/1955 78 t. MERCURY 70762 (US)  . Jingle Jangle / A Christmas Prayer
12/1955 SP MERCURY 70762X45 (US) . Jingle Jangle / A Christmas Prayer
01/1956 78 t. MERCURY 70799 (US)  . My Troubles Are Not At An End / She's Gone, Gone
01/1956 SP MERCURY 70799X45 (US) . My Troubles Are Not At An End / She's Gone, Gone
04/1956 SP WING W-90076X45 (US) . Peace Of Mind / Dealer Of Dreams
08/1956 SP MERCURY 70943X45 (US) . Earth Angel / Ice
01/1957 SP MERCURY 71033X45 (US) . Will You Be Mine / Cool Baby Cool
04/1957 78 t. ATLANTIC 1132 (US) . I Knew I'd Fall In Love / Pledge Of Love
04/1957 SP ATLANTIC 45-1132 (US) . I Knew I'd Fall In Love / Pledge Of Love
07/1957 EP PRESTIGE PEP-1050 (AUS) Introducing The Penguins - Earth Angel / Hey Senorita / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / Love Will Make You Wild
1957 SP DOOTO 348 (US) . Earth Angel / Hey Senorita
11/1957 SP DOOTONE 428 (US) . That's How Much I Need You / Be My Lovin' Baby
1957 EP MERCURY 14163 (F) ROCK 'N ROLL - Earth Angel / Ice / She's Gone, Gone / My Troubles Are Not At An End 
01/1958 SP DOOTO 432 (US) . Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind
1958 SP DOOTO 435 (US) . Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine
1958 EP DOOTO DTE-241 (US) The Cool, Cool Penguins Pt 1 - Money Talks / Lover Or Fool / Butterball / Heart Of A Fool
1958 EP DOOTO EP 243 (US) The Cool, Cool Penguins Pt 2 - Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Be My Lovin' Baby / That's How Much I Need You
1958 EP DOOTO EP 244 (US) The Cool, Cool Penguins Pt 3 - Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Cold Heart / Want Me
1960 EP DOOTO EP 256 (US) You're An Angel (PENGUINS) / Mr. Junkman (PENGUINS) / Give Me The Right (The MEDALLIONS) / She's The One (The MEDALLIONS)
1961 SP ELDO 119 (US) . To Keep Our Love (RADIANTS) / Universal Twist (PENGUINS)
1962 SP SUN STATE SS-001 (US) . Believe Me / Pony Rock
1962 ? SP POWER 7023 (US) Earth Angel / Hey Senorita
1963 SP ORIGINAL SOUND OS-27 (US) . The Penguins Featuring Cleve Duncan - Memories Of El Monte / Be Mine
1965 SP ORIGINAL SOUND OS-54 (US) . Heavenly Angel / Big Bobo's Party
197? SP Million Seller 852 (US) Memories Of El Monte (Penguins featuring Cleve Duncan) / Ballad Of A Girl And Boy (Question Marks [Graduates])
1984 SP ORIGINAL SOUND OLDIES BUT GOODIES OBG 4504 (US) . Memories Of El Monte / Heaveny Angel
1984 SP ORIGINAL SOUND OLDIES BUT GOODIES OBG 4515 (US) . I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry (B.J. THOMAS) / Crying In The Chapel (PENGUINS)
198? SP COLLECTABLES COL 3983 (US) . Baby Let's Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye
1989 SP COLLECTABLES COL 4054 (US) . Memories Of El Monte / Heavenly Angel
19?? SP GORDA G-502 (US) . Memories Of El Monte (Penguins featuring Cleve Duncan) / Confidential (Sonny Knight)
1994 SP COLLECTABLES COL 4878 (US) . Be Mine Or Be A Fool / My Troubles Are Not At End
1994 SP COLLECTABLES COL 4885 (US) . Earth Angel / A Christmas Prayer
???? SP Chief CH - 101 (US) . Never Let You Go (Five Discs) / Memories Of El Monte (PENGUINS)














Unissued Tracks

1957 Mercury unissued The Sound Of Your Voice
1957 Atlantic unissued I'm Guilty Of Love
1957 Atlantic unissued Dimpled Doll

Albums

1957 LP 12" DOOTO DL 204 (US) THE BEST VOCAL GROUPS - Rhythm And Blues - Earth Angel (PENGUINS) / Hey Senorita (PENGUINS) / Kiss A Fool Goodbye (PENGUINS) / Ookey Ook (PENGUINS) / Love Will Make You Wild (PENGUINS) / Baby Let's Make Love (PENGUINS) / The Letter (MEDALLIONS) / Buick 59 (MEDALLIONS) / Heaven And Paradise (Don Julian & The Meadowlarks) / I Got Tore Up (Don Julian & The Meadowlarks) / Teller Of Fortune (DOOTONES) / Ay Si Si Mambo (DOOTONES)
1958 LP 12" DOOTO DLT 242 (US)

THE COOL, COOL PENGUINS - Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Cold Heart / Want Me / Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Money Talks / Lover Or Fool / Butterball / Heart Of A Fool / Be My Lovin' Baby / That's How Much I Need You

1984 LP 12" ACE CH 101 (UK) Big Jay McNeely Meets The Penguins - Honky Tonk / Night Train / Harlem Nocturne / Watch Out! Big Jay's Loose / Money Honey / Hey Senorita / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Ooky Ook / Only You / Saturday Night At The Movies / Memories Of El Monte / Earth Angel
1986 CD MERCURY 830 283-2 M-1 (US) The Vocal Group Collection - Platters - Penguins - Del Vikings - Danleers - Platters : Bark, Battle And Ball / Winner Take All / You'll Never, Never Know I Care / It Isn't Right / On My Word Of Honor / One In A Million / Helpless / Penguins : Be Mine Or Be A Fool / Don't Do It / It Only Happens With You / Walkin' Down Broadway / Devil That I See / Promises, Promises, Promises / She's Gone, Gone / Del Vikings : Cool Shake / Come Along With Me / A Sunday Kind Of Love / When I Come Home / You Cheated / Flat Tire / How Could You / Danleers : One Summer Night / Wheelin' And A-Dealin' / I Really Love You / My Flaming Heart / A Picture Of You / Prelude To Love / You Love
1986 LP 12" Bear Family BFX 15 222 (GER) Earth Angel - Don't Do It / Promises, Promises, Promises / She's Gone, Gone / Ookey Ook / Walkin' Down Broadway / Hey Senorita / Cool, Baby Cool / Ice / Jingle Jangle / A Christmas Prayer / Earth Angel / It Only Happens With You / Be Mine (Or Be A Fool) / My Troubles Are Not At An End / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Dealer Of Dreams / Will You Be Mine / Devil That I See / Peace Of Mind / Earth Angel
1988 LP 12" ACE CH 249 (UK) EARTH ANGEL - Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine) / Hey Senorita / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / Ookey Ook / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Baby Let's Make Some Love / Lover Or Fool / Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Be My Lovin' Baby / Cold Heart / Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Butterball / Money Talks / Heart Of A Fool / Want Me / That's How Much I Need You
1990 CD ACE CDCH-249 (UK) EARTH ANGEL - Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine) / I Ain't Gonna Cry No More / No There Ain't No News Today / Hey Señorita / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / Ookey Ook / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Baby Let's Make Some Love / Lover Or Fool / Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Be My Lovin' Baby / Cold Heart / Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Butterball / Money Talks / Heart Of A Fool / Want Me / That's How Much I Need You / You're An Angel
02/1990 LP 12" COLLECTABLES COL-5045 (US) GOLDEN CLASSICS - Earth Angel / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / I Ain't Gonna Cry No More / You're An Angel / Lover Or Fool / Baby Let's Make Some Love / No There Ain't No News Today / Hey Señorita / Do Not Pretend / Heart Of A Fool / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / Ookey Ook
1993 CD JUKE BOX TREASURES 6009 (US) THE AUTHENTIC GOLDEN HITS OF THE PENGUINS - Earth Angel / Hey Senorita / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Ookey Ook / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / There Ain't No News Today / Do Not Pretend / Baby Let's Make Some Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Hey Senorita / Please Mr. Junkman / I Ain't Gonna Cry No More / You're An Angel / Sweet Love / Lover Or Fool / If You're Mine / Heart Of A Fool / Butterball / Want Me / To Keep Our Love / That's How Much I Need You / Money Talks / I'm Betting My Heart / Cold Heart / Want Me / Be My Lovin' Baby / Ookey Ook [original version] / Earth Angel
07/1996 CD MERCURY 314 532 735-2 (US) THE BEST OF THE PENGUINS - THE MERCURY YEARS - Earth Angel [version #1] / Ookey Ook / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Hey Señorita / Don't Do It / It Only Happens With You / Walkin' Down Broadway / Be Mine Or Be A Fool / My Troubles Are Not At An End / Devil That I See / Promises, Promises, Promises / She's Gone, Gone / Dealer Of Dreams / Ice / Peace Of Mind / Cool Baby Cool / A Christmas Prayer / Jingle Jangle / Will You Be Mine / Earth Angel [version #2] / The Sound Of Your Voice
19?? LP 12" WING 1000 (US) The Best Of The Penguins - Dealer Of Dreams / Earth Angel / Devil That I See / Ice / She's Gone, Gone / A Christmas Prayer / Jingle Jangle / Walkin' Down Broadway / Peace Of Mind / My Troubles Are Not At An End / Promises, Promises, Promises / Be Mine Or Be A Fool / Don't Do It / It Only Happens With You / Cool Baby Cool / Will You Be Mine
2010 Mini CD Redstar73 ? (S)

Artic Jamboree - Fisherman / Bright Side Of Cisco / Pass Me One More / I Don't Dare / Show Down / Flie Warmer

11/2011 2 CD JASMINE JASCD 176 (UK) EARTH ANGEL - THE COOL SOUNDS OF WEST COAST DOO WOP 1954-1960 :
CD 1 : No There Ain't No News Today / Hey Senorita / Earth Angel [Dootone version] / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Ookey Ook / Baby Let's Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye / I Ain't Gonna Cry No More / Don't Do It / Be Mine Or Be A Fool / It Only Happens With You / Walkin' Down Broadway / Devil That I See / Promises Promises Promises / Jingle Jangle / A Christmas Prayer / My Troubles Are Not At An End / She's Gone Gone / Dealer Of Dreams / Peace Of Mind
CD 2 : Earth Angel [Mercury version] / Ice / Cool Baby Cool / Will You Be Mine / The Sound Of Your Voice / Pledge Of Love / I Knew I'd Fall In Love / Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Cold Heart / Want Me / Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Money Talks / Lover Or Fool / Butterball / Heart Of A Fool / Be My Loving Baby / That's How Much I Need You / You're An Angel
10/2015 CD Oldays ‎ODR6135 (JAP) THE COOL, COOL PENGUINS - Do Not Pretend / If You're Mine / Cold Heart / Want Me / Sweet Love / Let Me Make Up Your Mind / Money Talks / Lover Or Fool / Butterball / Heart Of A Fool / Be My Lovin' Baby / That's How Much I Need You / BONUS TRACKS : Hey Senorita / Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine) / Ookey Ook / Love Will Make Your Mind Go Wild / Baby Let’S Make Some Love / Kiss A Fool Goodbye

© Rocky Productions 6/01/2017