Groupe Doo Wop US, les Cadets ont été formé en 1955 à Los Angeles (Californie). Suivant la nécessité, la formation prend indifféremment le nom de Cadets ou Jacks. Le groupe comprenait : Willie Davis, Ted Taylor, Aaron Collins, Glendon Kingsby et Will "Dub" Jones.

The Los Angeles-based Jacks were so good at covering popular hits of the day that their versions were often equal to (if not better than) the original versions. They were versatile in R&B, jump tunes, ballads, calypso songs, and recorded some of the greatest early rock & roll songs ever, including "Stranded in the Jungle" (released in June of 1956, and charting at number four R&B/number 15 pop). Mostly, though, the Jacks are remembered for recording under two names simultaneously: as the Jacks (for Modern) and the Cadets (for RPM). Each group had its own hits and each with a slightly different sound and musical direction.
The Jacks/Cadets began as a gospel group during the late '40s in Los Angeles, under the guidance of former Dixie Hummingbirds' baritone Lloyd McGraw. In 1954, McGraw joined up with first tenor Austin "Ted" Taylor, lead and second tenor Aaron Collins (brother of Betty and Rosie Collins, who recorded as the Teen Queens), tenor Willie Davis, and Will "Dub" Jones (lead and bass), who possessed a stratospheric falsetto. The band on most of the group's sessions was lead by tenor saxophonist Maxwell Davis.
It was Modern's Joe Bihari who came up with the idea of having one group with a split personality, envisioning the Jacks as a ballad harmony group utilizing the writing talents of Aaron Collins and the Cadets as an up-tempo and novelty song quintet who mostly covered other acts' material. As a rule, either Dub Jones or Aaron Collins sang lead on the Cadets recordings, while tenor Willie Davis fronted the Jacks.
In late 1954, the quintet — as the Cadets — recorded a version of Nappy Brown's "Don't Be Angry" and a calypso-flavored cover of "Rolling Stone," which outsold the original by Excello's Marigolds. Later, the Cadets issued their third single, "I Cried," backed up singer Dolly Cooper on "My Man," Young Jessie on "Mary Lou," and Richard Berry on "Jelly Roll" and "God Gave Me You."
By the summer of 1955, the Cadets had released "Annie Met Henry," a single that fell in line with the whole "Annie" craze created in the aftermath of Hank Ballard & the Midnighters' big hit "Work With Me Annie," which had been released some 16 months earlier and was still going strong. The public was quickly tiring of the whole "Annie" phenom, however, so DJs flipped over the 45 and gave the B-side, "So Will I," the push instead.
The Cadets' next Modern release was "Do You Wanna Rock," an exciting up-tempo revision of the Drifters' big R&B hit (number two) "Whatcha Gonna Do." The song also had a big impact on Hank Ballard and provided the format for Chubby Checker's "The Twist." It was the Cadets' next single, the buoyant "How Soon," that scored the regional airplay and sales.
In early 1956, Prentice Moreland replaced Ted Taylor (although he only recorded with the group on three early songs, he didn't usually perform with them), who had left the group for a solo career as a solo blues Vocalsist. By February, the Cadets had moved on to new cover material, including Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" and the Willows' "Church Bells May Ring." Around this time, Aaron Collins brought his two little sisters, Rosie and Betty, to Joe Bihari with an original song called "Eddie My Love." By the spring, the Teen Queens had the number two R&B record in America with "Eddie," which also charted number 14 on the pop chart.
One day, Bihari and arranger Maxwell Davis handed the group a beautiful ballad titled "Why Don't You Write Me?," the original of which — by the Feathers — was soon to be issued on the Showtime label. They quickly did a cover; the Feathers' original came out in the fourth week of April 1955 and the Jacks' copy came out one week later (on the Modern affiliate RPM). The flipside, Charlie Calhoun's "Smack Dab in the Middle," was actually cut as being by the Cadets and wound up on their first LP. Even though it was recorded by the same group, it was listed as being by the Cadets in keeping with the "two groups in one" philosophy.
The Jacks' "Why Don't You Write Me?" hit the R&B charts on August 6th, and jumped up to number three R&B by September; it even managed to cross over to the pop charts to reach number 82, charting before the Cadets charted with their outlandish cover of "Stranded in the Jungle." When the ballad side began to break big in the pop field, Bihari immediately bumped the B-side and a second pressing was hastily issued with a ballad on the flipside, "My Darling."
The instant that Bihari heard the Jay Hawks' "Stranded in the Jungle," a rough and ragged original that had been waxed first, then heard the version done by his own act, the Cadets, while in the studio, he knew that his group's was far superior. He quickly pressed up copies and got them to radio stations in strong regional markets across the country and into stores in those areas, before the Jay Hawks' even had a chance to make a move themselves. Released in June of 1956, the song shot up the charts, to number four R&B/number 15 pop.
What would prove to be Prentice Moreland's only Cadets/Jacks recording session provided the group with a catch phrase of their own; he delivered the line "Great googly-moogly, let me outta here," on "Stranded in the Jungle." It was a line he had picked up from a Cincinnati DJ.
Modern tried to forced Moreland to remain with the group instead of leaving for his own solo career, but Moreland quit anyway and was replaced by former Flairs baritone Thomas "Pete" Fox. Moreland later sang with the Colts and went on to become a single artist for various labels, recording for Edsel in 1959, Del-Fi Records' subsidiary Donna in 1960, and Challenge in 1962. Lloyd McCraw also left the group around this time.
Subsequent Jacks/Cadets sides from 1956 failed to generate interest or sales for Modern, however. The Jacks tried again with a few original ballads and eventually hit with "Love Bandit," their last record of 1956, which was cut from the same cloth as "Stranded in the Jungle" and name-checked many of the outlaws and sheriffs of the Old West ("Frank James, Jesse James, and Billy the Kid....").
The Jacks never again achieved the measure of success that "Stranded" had achieved. In September of 1956, they tried again as the Cadets for "Dancin' Dan," a slightly altered version of the Dominoes big hit "Sixty-Minute Man," which featured "Dub" Jones on lead Vocalss. After that, they covered "Johnnie" (Johnnie Louise Richardson, later a member of the Jaynettes, of "Sally Go Round the Roses" fame) and "Joe"'s (Joe Rivers) "I'll Be Spinning," a number ten hit on the East Coast (number one in NY), distributed by Chess Records. the Cadets' quickly recorded cover version of "I'll Be Spinning" outsold the original, however, on the West Coast..
In February 1957, Modern issued Rockin' and Reelin', the Cadets' first LP, one of the very first R&B group LPs, which collected most of their previously released A and B-sides. In March, eight months after their last release and 22 months after the release of their only hit, RPM put out the Jacks' Jumpin' With the Jacks LP, which contained ten sides of which three ("You Belong To Me," "Do You Wanna Rock," and "Wiggie Waggie Woo") were released on singles by the the Cadets. Another single called "Pretty Evey" was thought to be a Cadets release, and even listed incorrectly as such when it was issued in May 1957, but was actually Aaron singing lead with another obscure house group.
By this time, Bihari and Modern had given up on the Jacks part of the equation and from that point on, the group was exclusively known as the Cadets. Their last RPM single was "Ring Chimes," issued in December 1957. By the turn of the new decade, the Cadets had been ready to call it a career.
Will "Dub" Jones later became the main bass man for the mega-popular group the Coasters. Davis and Collins soon re-formed the the Cadets, this time adding Thomas Miller (baritone) and George Hollis (bass), both previously of the Flares. The new Cadets signed with the Felsted label, a New York-based label headed by Walt McGuire. After two singles in 1960, they were ready to call it a career, but in name only; Randolph Jones later joined the group, substituting for Hollis on bass, and the quartet became the Peppers. They released one single, "One More Chance," on Ensign in 1961.
That year, with Hollis back on bass, the group became the Flares (different spelling this time) on Felsted. Their third single for the label, the energetic dance record "Foot Stomping, Pt. 1," went to number 25 on the pop Charts (number 20 R&B). The group then signed to Press Records for seven more singles, all of which went nowhere. A year later (in 1962), Davis and ex-Cadet McCraw teamed to form the Thorables (Titanic Records); in total, there were six more recordings by the Flares and none went anywhere. 1964 and the British Invasion pretty much brought the end of the road for the Jacks/Cadets/Flares at this point.
In the early '80s, Aaron Collins wrote songs for John Water's Hairspray. He passed away in 1998. Prentice Moreland and Lloyd McGraw have also passed away.

Talents : Willie Davis : First Tenor - Austin "Ted" Taylor : First Tenor - Aaron Collins : Second Tenor - Glendon Kingsby : Baritone - Will "Dub" Jones : Bass

Style musical : Doo Wop, Rhythm 'n' Blues

WHY DON'T YOU WRITE ME (1955) (Jacks)

SMACK DAB IN THE MIDDLE (1955) (Jacks)

HEARTBREAK HOTEL (1956) (Cadets)

STRANDED IN THE JUNGLE (1956) (Cadet)

 

Years in activity :

1910 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000

DISCOGRAPHY

78 t., Singles

04/1955 78 t. RPM 428 (US) The JACKS - Why Don't You Write Me / Smack Dab In The Middle
04/1955 SP RPM 45X428 (US) The JACKS - Why Don't You Write Me / Smack Dab In The Middle
04/1955 78 t. MODERN 956 (US) The CADETS - Don't Be Angry / I Cry
04/1955 SP MODERN 45X956 (US) The CADETS - Don't Be Angry / I Cry
05/1955 78 t. MODERN 960 (US) The CADETS - Rollin' Stone / Fine Lookin' Baby
05/1955 SP MODERN 45X960 (US) The CADETS - Rollin' Stone / Fine Lookin' Baby
06/1955 78 t. RPM 432 (US) Love Me Again (The JACKS) / + Donna HIGHTOWER
06/1955 SP RPM 45X432 (US) Love Me Again (The JACKS) / + Donna HIGHTOWER
06/1955 78 t. RPM 433 (US) The JACKS - I'm Confessin' / Since My Baby's Been Gone
06/1955 SP RPM 45X433 (US) The JACKS - I'm Confessin' / Since My Baby's Been Gone
07/1955 78 t. MODERN 963 (US) The CADETS - I Cry / Fine Lookin' Baby
07/1955 SP MODERN 45X963 (US) The CADETS - I Cry / Fine Lookin' Baby
08/1955 78 t. MODERN 965 (US) Ay La Ba (The CADETS) / + Dolly COOPER
08/1955 SP MODERN 45X965 (US) Ay La Ba (The CADETS) / + Dolly COOPER
09/1955 78 t. RPM 439 (US) Bob-O-Link (The JACKS) / + Donna HIGHTOWER
09/1955 SP RPM 45X439 (US) Bob-O-Link (The JACKS) / + Donna HIGHTOWER
09/1955 78 t. MODERN 969 (US) The CADETS - Annie Met Henry / So Will I
09/1955 SP MODERN 45X969 (US) The CADETS - Annie Met Henry / So Will I
10/1955 78 t. RPM 444 (US) The JACKS - This Empty Heart / My Clumsy Heart
10/1955 SP RPM 45X444 (US) The JACKS - This Empty Heart / My Clumsy Heart
10/1955 78 t. MODERN 971 (US) The CADETS - Do You Wanna Rock ? / If It Is Wrong
10/1955 SP MODERN 45X971 (US) The CADETS - Do You Wanna Rock ? / If It Is Wrong
01/1956 78 t. RPM 454 (US) The JACKS - How Soon / So Wrong
01/1956 SP RPM 45X454 (US) The JACKS - How Soon / So Wrong
02/1956 78 t. MODERN 985 (US) The CADETS - Heartbreak Hotel / Church Bells May Ring
02/1956 SP MODERN 45X985 (US) The CADETS - Heartbreak Hotel / Church Bells May Ring
04/1956 78 t. RPM 458 (US) The JACKS - Why Did I Fall In Love / Sugar Baby
04/1956 SP RPM 45X458 (US) The JACKS - Why Did I Fall In Love / Sugar Baby
06/1956 78 t. MODERN 994 (US) The CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / I Want You
06/1956 SP MODERN 45X994 (US) The CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / I Want You
07/1956 78 t. RPM 467 (US) The JACKS - Dream A Little Longer / Let's Make Up
07/1956 SP RPM 45X467 (US) The JACKS - Dream A Little Longer / Let's Make Up
09/1956 78 t. MODERN 1000 (US) The CADETS - I Got Loaded / Dancin' Dan
09/1956 SP MODERN 45X1000 (US) The CADETS - I Got Loaded / Dancin' Dan
11/1956 78 t. MODERN 1006 (US) The CADETS - I'll Be Spinning / Fools Rush In
11/1956 SP MODERN 45X1006 (US) The CADETS - I'll Be Spinning / Fools Rush In
12/1956 78 t. MODERN 1012 (US) The CADETS - Love Bandit / Heaven Help Me
12/1956 SP MODERN 1012 (US) The CADETS - Love Bandit / Heaven Help Me
1957 78 t. RPM 472 (US)  I Confess (The JACKS) / + PAUL ANKA
1957 SP RPM 472 (US) I Confess (The JACKS) / + PAUL ANKA
03/1957 78 t. MODERN 1017 (US) The CADETS - You Belong To Me / Wiggie Waggie Woo
03/1957 SP MODERN 45X1017 (US) The CADETS - You Belong To Me / Wiggie Waggie Woo
1957 78 t. MODERN 1019 (US) Pretty Every (The JACKS) / Rum Jamaica Rum (Aaron COLLINS & The JACKS)
1957 SP MODERN 45X1019 (US) Pretty Every (The JACKS) / Rum Jamaica Rum (Aaron COLLINS & The JACKS)
08/1957 78 t. MODERN 1024 (US) Dub JONES & The CADETS - Hands Across The Table / Love Can Do Most Anything
08/1957 SP MODERN 45X1024 (US) Dub JONES & The CADETS - Hands Across The Table / Love Can Do Most Anything
11/1957 78 t. MODERN 1026 (US) The CADETS - Ring Chimes / Baby Ya Know
11/1957 SP MODERN 45X1026 (US) The CADETS - Ring Chimes / Baby Ya Know
1960 SP SHERWOOD 211 (US) The CADETS - I'm Looking For A Job / You Must Be An Angel
1960 SP KENT 344 (US) The JACKS - Why Don't You Write Me / This Empty Heart
1960 SP JAN-LAR 102 (US) The CADETS - Car Crash / Don't
1960 SP FIREFLY 328 (US) The CADETS - Car Crash / Don't



Albums

02/1957 LP 12" MODERN LPM-1215 (US) ROCKIN' AND ROLLIN' WITH THE CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / I Want You / So Will I / I'll Be Spinning / Fools Rush In / Annie Met Henry / Heartbreak Hotel / Dancin' Dan / Church Bells May Ring / I Got Loaded / Rollin' Stone / Smack Dab In The Middle
03/1957 LP 12" RPM LRP-3006 (US) JUMPIN' WITH THE JACKS - Why Don't You Write Me / Oo Wee Baby / Let's Make Up / Dream a Little Longer / This Empty Heart / So Wrong / Wiggle Waggie Woo / You Belong To Me / Sugar Baby / Why Did I Fall In Love / Do You Wanna' Rock / My Clumsy Heart
1957 LP 12" CROWN CLP-5015 (US) ROCKIN' AND REELLIN' CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / I Want You / So Will I / I'll Be Spinning / Fools Rush In / Annie Met Henry / Heartbreak Hotel / Dancin' Dan / Church Bells May Ring / I Got Loaded / Rollin' Stone / Smack Dab In The Middle
1963 LP 12" CROWN CLP-5370 (mono) / CST 370 (stereo) (US) THE CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / Annie Met Henry / Marie My Love / The Riddle / John Henry / Love Bandit / Rollin' Stone / Heaven Help Me / I Had But 50 Cents / Marie My Love / Rum Jamaica Rum
197? LP 12" UNITED  US 7797 (US) THE JACKS - ROCK 'N' ROLL HITS OF THE 50'S 1960'S
197? LP 12" UNITED  US 7799 (US) THE CADETS - ROCK 'N' ROLL HITS OF THE 50'S 1960'S - Stranded In The Jungle / Annie Met Henry / Marie My Love / The Riddle / John Henry / Love Bandit / Rollin' Stone / Heaven Help Me / I Had But 50 Cents / Marie My Love / Rum Jamaica Rum
1980 LP 12" RELIC 5023 (US) THE JACKS GREATEST HITS - Why Don't You Write Me / Smack Dab In The Middle / Dream A Little Longer / Since My Baby's Been Gone / I'm Confessin / My Clumsy Heart / How Soon / Why Did I Fall In Love / My Darlin / Away, Sugar Baby / So Wrong / Let's Make Up / This Empty Heart
1980 LP 12" RELIC 5025 (US) THE CADETS GREATEST HITS - Stranded In The Jungle / Annie Met Henry / Love Bandit / Heaven Help Me / Don't Be Angry / Baby Ya Know / Ring Chimes / If It Is Wrong / So Will I / Church Bells May Ring / You Belong To Me / Rolling Stone / Dancing Dan (Sixty Minute Man) / I Cried / Rum Jamaica Rum / I Got Loaded / Fools Rush In / Do You Wanna Rock (Hey Little Girl) / I'll Be Spinning / Hands Across The Table / Let's Rock And Roll / Pretty Evey (Evelyn) / Memories Of You
1987 LP 12" ACE CH 196 (UK) THE CADETS MEET THE JACKS - Stranded In The Jungle / Let's Rock & Roll / I Got Loaded / Fools Rush In / Hands Across The Table / Rolling Stone / Dancin' Dan / Heartbreak Hotel / Love Bandit / I Want You / Memories Of You / Annie Met Henry / My Darling / I Cried / Smack Dab In The Middle / So Will I
09/1994 CD ACE 534 (UK) THE CADETS MEET THE JACKS - STRANDED IN THE JUNGLE - Stranded In The Jungle / Lets Rock "n" Roll / Fools Rush In / My Clumsy Heart (The JACKS) / Annie Met Henry / Rollin' Stone / Don't Be Angry / Hands Across The Table / Smack Dap In The Middle / Pretty Evey / Love Can Do Most Anything / Baby Ya Know / Love Bandit / Why Did I Fall In Love (The JACKS) / Church Bells May Ring / Car Crash / Ring Chimes / Heartbreak Hotel / Dancin' Dan / Rum, Jamica Rum / Don't / I Got Loaded / I'll Be Spinning / Sugar Baby (The JACKS) / Stranded In The Jungle
1995 CD P-VINE 4776 (US) THE JACKS / CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / Smack Dab In The Middle / Rolling Stone / Don't Be Angry / Fools Rush In / I Got Loaded / I'll Be Spinning / Hands Across The Table / Pretty Evey / Love Can Do Most Anything / Baby Ya Know / Love Bandit / Church Bells May Ring / Car Crash / Ring Chimes / Heartbreak Hotel / Rum, Jamaica Ram / Don't / Let's Rock & Roll / Dancin' Dan / Annie Met Henry / Away / Dream A Little Longer / Let's Make Up / My Clumsy Heart / Why Did I Fall In Love / Sugar Baby
12/1995 CD ACE 535 (UK) THE CADETS MEET THE JACKS - WHY DON'T YOU WRITE ME - Why Don't You Write Me / Since My Baby's Been Gone / Heaven Help Me (The CADETS) / Do You Wanna Rock (The CADETS) / Away / How Soon / I Cry (The CADETS) / They Turned The Party Out Down At Bessie's House (Rocketeers) / Dream A Little Longer / Fine Lookin' Baby (The CADETS) / So Wrong / Wiggie Waggie Woo (The CADETS) / I'm Confessin' / Let's Make Up / If It Is Wrong (The CADETS) / Annie Met Henry (The CADETS) / My Reckless Heart (Rocketeers) / Why Did I Fall in Love / I Want You (The CADETS) / You Belong To Me (The CADETS) / Dream a Little Longer / Dancing Dan (The CADETS) / This Empty Heart / So Will I (The CADETS) / My Darling
2000 CD ABM ABMMCD 1266  (UK) THE CADETS - Stranded In The Jungle / Annie Met Henry / Love Bandit / Heaven Help Me / Don't Be Angry / Baby Ya Know / Ring Chimes / It It Is Wrong / So Will I / Church Bells May Ring / You Belong To Me / Rolling Stone / Dancing Dan / I Cry / Rum Jamaica Rum / I Got Loaded / Fools Rush In / Do You Wanna Rock / I'll Be Spinning / Hands Across The Table / Let's Rock And Roll / Pretty Evey / Memories Of You
05/2001 CD ABM 1262 (UK) THE JACKS - Why Don't You Write Me / Smack Dab In The Middle / Dream A Little Longer / Since My Baby's Been Gone / I'm Confessin' / My Clumsy Heart / How Soon / Why Did I Fall In Love / My Darlin' / Away / Sugar Baby / So Wrong / Let's Make Up / This Empty Heart

© Rocky Productions 14/12/2011